Maple Fun Facts

Nature Up North

Nature Up North is a project based out of the Biology Department at St. Lawrence University that works to connect North Country residents with our rich local natural resources through environmental education and outdoor recreation.  We combine experiences in a nature our website, where you can share nature photos and observations, learn about local outdoor events, download trail maps and participate in a citizen science project.  We hope to create a space where people of all ages can connect to the natural world.

For More information or questions please contact:

Dr. Erika Barthelmess (315) 229-5712 or visit their website at

Maple Syrup Content in Pancake Syrup

  • Aunt Jemima® = 0%
  • Mrs. Butterworth’s® = 0%
  • Log Cabin® = 2%
  • Vermont Maid® = 2%
  • Pure Maple Syrup = 100%

Comparative Calories

  • Maple Syrup 40/Tbsp. = 80/oz.
  • Molasses 40/Tbsp. = 80/oz.
  • Honey 45/Tbsp. = 90/oz.
  • Brown Sugar 53/Tbsp. = 106/oz.
  • Cane Sugar 55/Tbsp. = 109/oz.
  • Karo Corn Syrup 60/Tbsp. = 120/oz.

Who makes maple syrup?

Sugaring is usually done by a group of family, friends, and neighbors. Most producers are small to medium sized operations. 

Producing maple syrup is usually done simply for the joy of doing it. The retail price of maple syrup does not usually take into account the many hours spent collecting sap, boiling it until it reaches the perfect consistency, and cleaning up afterward.

We make maple syrup simply because we love to share the story of how it is made and the enjoyment of unmatched flavor with our friends and customers.

What products are made from maple syrup?

  • Rock Candy (hard, clear sugar crystals)
  • Maple Cream (a smooth, creamy paste)
  • Sugar on Snow (chewy or brittle, but not crystallized)
  • Taffy (thick and chewy, not crystallized)
  • Fondant (smooth, putty-like)
  • Molded Sugar (firm, but not rock hard, very small crystals)
  • Hard Sugar (harder than molded sugar, in block form)
  • Granulated Sugar
  •   (loose and granulated like brown cane sugar)

  • Maple Lollipops
  • Maple Cotton Candy
  • Maple Soda

How much sap is used to make a gallon of maple syrup

The sugar content of the maple sap used to make maple syrup (also called Brix) determines how much sap is required to make a gallon of syrup. At 2% sugar (Brix) 46 gallons of sap is evaporated to produce 1 gallon of maple syrup. This formula can be used to determine how much sap is required for each gallon: 86/Brix = gallons of sap required to produce 1 gallon of syrup

How many taps are used on a tree?

Maple producers tap their trees based roughly on their girth.

  • 1 tap: 10″ – 15″ around
  • 2 taps: 15″ – 20″ around
  • 3 taps: 20″ – 25″ around

  • 4 taps: 25″ +

If maple producers are using vacuum systems with tubing, the number of taps per tree changes.

  • 1 tap: 8″ – 20″ around
  • 2 taps: 20″ +

How much maple syrup is produced from each tap?

The average amount of maple syrup produced annually from each tap is approximately one quart.

What trees produce maple sap?

Any maple tree will produce sap that can be used to make maple syrup. Maple syrup producer’s first choice is the Hard Maple (Sugar Maple) tree, and their second choice is the Soft Maple tree.